There are many federal and state laws that protect the American workforce. It is important for employers, whether a large corporation or a small business owner, to understand employment laws and how they impact the workplace. Employment laws can be complex, and you should seek the advice of a knowledgeable employment law attorney to help you understand these laws to ensure you are following the right ones for your company. Below are important laws for you to remember in your business.
Employment Non-Discrimination ACT (ENDA)
This law prohibits discriminatory hiring practices in employment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity by companies who employ at least 15 workers.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of a person’s race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Also, the law gives all individuals equal access to public places and employment. It is the landmark civil rights and labor law in the nation.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
This law outlaws employment discrimination against persons who are 40 years of age or older in the workplace.
Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
Ensures fair treatment in the workplace to all individuals regardless of race, religion, color, national origin or sex.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
This law prohibits discrimination and discriminatory practices on the basis of disability in projects or programs conducted by federal agencies or federal contractors involving federal employment or financial assistance.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
This is a federal law that prohibits sexual discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions.
Immigrant Reform & Control Act of 1986
At present, this is the most comprehensive federal law involving illegal immigration. The law requires employers to certify their employee’s immigration status. It is illegal to hire or recruit an illegal immigrant.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
ADA is a civil right law that prohibits employment discrimination based on disability. ADA gives rights to an employee, who is considered a disabled worker. Disability is a physical or mental impairment that limits major life activities and experiences.
Older Workers Benefit Protection act of 1990
This is a federal age discrimination law which makes it illegal to deny employee benefits to older workers based on age.
Contract Worker Houses and Safety Standard Act of 1962
This federal law covers work hours and safety standards for contract workers. It prohibits hazardous or unsanitary working conditions in construction and other contract work environments.
These are just a few employment laws that impact the workplace. It is important to become familiar with them and others that affect your company and its employees. An employment law attorney can help you understand federal and state laws that will keep your company in legal compliance and your employees protected.